Tuesday, January 15, 2019

Asad Umar of PTI and Sher Shah Suri's road

An old clip of Asad Umar (now Finance Minister of Pakistan) in which he is dismissing Sher Shah Sur's GT road as trivial , a pastime of kings, that it was a showy spectacle like Taj Mahal. He is comparing apples with oranges (roads with univeristies). His political opponent Nihal Hashmi declared Nawaz Shareef as Sher Shah Sur II for building motorway, Asad Umar is responding to that.

I am not an expert in econmonics but historians inform us that the vast network of roads built by Sher Shah and the security provided along the roads, increased trade and commerce. The roads were provided with serais or rest-houses. Market towns developed near these sarais and gave impetus to trade.To encourage foreign trade, Sher Shah reduced custom duties and taxes were collected only at the point of entry and the point of sale, and abolishing all irregular levies.To promote commerce, Sher Shah also reformed the currency. This was accomplished in less than five years while there were other tasks at hands. Sher Shah did have fondness for education. He did built madrassas/colleges. Ruins of a madrassa founded by him were discovered at Narnaul and the inscription at the site reveals that it was built by him in 1520 AD when he was not even a king, just young Farid Khan at that time.

Friday, January 11, 2019

Thursday, January 10, 2019

Khwaja Muhammad Khan from Kandahar

Khwaja Muhammad Khan from Kandahar at Gundamuck, 23rd April 1879. Sketch by William Simpson. [Brown University Library]

Wednesday, January 9, 2019

Mohmand tribe

Muhammad Gunge, an Utmanzai Mohmand of Dakka. The Illustrated London News, August 9, 1879

Sunday, January 6, 2019

Months of the year in Pashto

The Pashtun tribes bordering on the Punjab, use the months of the Hindu calendar when referring to the matters of agriculture . The names of the Pashtun months are :-

Saturday, December 29, 2018

Hand-to-hand combat between Mahsud tribesmen and the Gurkha mercenaries of British-Indian army [14 January 1920]

Painting depicting intense hand-to-hand combat between a party of Mahsud tribesmen and the Gurkha mercenaries of British-Indian army at Ahnai Tangi, South Waziristan, 14 January 1920. On this say, the British admitted to the loss of 15 officers and 450 soldiers in fighting in and around Ahnai Tangi. Pashtun tribesmen suffered lesser casualties, estimated by British to be 250 Mahsuds and 70 Wazirs killed.

Friday, December 28, 2018

Zaimusht tribe (Tor Tarin)

The Zaimusht or Zaimukhts are a tribe of Tor Tarin Afghans who inhabit the hills between the Kurram and the Orakzai border on the north-west frontier of Kohat. The tradition among the Bangash is that they were fugitive slaves of the Tarins, and were given the country they now occupy, by them. The tribe lives on the southern slope of the Zawa Ghar Range, having for their neighbours, on the north-west the Turis, on the north and east the Orakzais, and on the south and south-west the Bangash.