Sunday, August 19, 2018

Abdur Rahman Khan, Ameer of Afghanistan', circa 1880

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Jalalabad from Piper's Hill, Afghanistan, 1879.

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A print from The Illustrated London News, (8 February 1879)

Abdor Rahman Khan

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Abdor Rahman Khan (1844-1901) returning to the Erg Palace after a shooting expedition in the Bala Hirsa marsh, 1893.

Travellers approach the city of Kandahar (or Candahar) in Afghanistan. January 01, 1800

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Saturday, August 18, 2018

An Utmanzai , 1868

An Utmanzai Yousafzaey (Mandanr), 1868. From Watson and Kaye collection.

Description given with the photograph

"The subject of the Photograph is nearly as fair as an Englishman, with dark eyes, and is five feet nine inches in height. His dress consists of a green cotton turban, with border and ends of crimson silk and gold; a dark blue loongee or waist cloth, sometimes worn over the shoulders as a scarf, and sometimes as a girdle, with a border of crimson silk, and ends of crimson silk and gold. This, with loose trousers of cotton cloth, completes the costume. In cold weather a sheep-skin choga or pelisse, or a tunic of quilted cotton, is worn over all. "

Monday, August 6, 2018

Sheikh Badin hills

Sheikh Budeen or Marwat range, 1864. Watercolour dated August 20, 1864. By Henry Brabazon Urmston.

The locals call it Shin Ghar or ghund. Its crest divides the districts of Lakki Marwat and Dera Ismail Khan. It rises abruptly to a height of 4,516 feet. This range is mostly composed of soft sand stone, and is rapidly disintegrating. Surface soil of southern Marwat has been formed by denundation from this and other neighbouring ranges.

British built a hill station there. Major Urmston writes in 1864 that, "There are no two opinions on the healthiness of the sanatorium. It has been proved beyond doubt to be a most valuable place of resort for officers and families on the frontier during the hottest months of the year; and, after the experience of two seasons, I can safely affirm that, though its outward appearance is less attractive than other hill stations, its beneficial effects upon the constitution, especially of ladies and children, are very great. The cool breeze which sets in towards sunset is very refreshing, and dense fogs and clouds are rare."

Sunday, July 29, 2018

The revolt of Shaikh Kamaluddin Daudzai and Khan Jahan Lodi against the Mughals

Khan Jahan Lodi (Pir Khan Lodi) was one of the foremost nobles during the reign of  Emperor Jehangir. Under his patronage the Makhzan-i-Afghani or the Tarikh-i-Khan Jahan Lodi was complied by Naimatullah Harvi. He was compelled to revolt against Emperor Shah Jahan in the second year of his reign.

Darya Khan Daudzai, another prominent Pashtun noble, joined hands with Khan Jahan Lodi in his rebellion against the Emperor. Darya Khan's brother-in-law , Shaikh Kamal-ud-Din, orchestrated the rising of Pashtuns against the Mughals in Peshawar, where he held a jagir. After suffering reverses at the hands of loyalists, Khan Jahan Lodi formed a plan to go to the Punjab on the advice of Darya Khan Daudzaey, Aimal Khan Tarin and Sardar Khan Ruhilla, so as to be nearer his homeland to foment trouble in the suburbs of the Punjab with the help of the Pashtuns living in Pakhtunkhwa. Nevertheless Khan Jahan could not reach Punjab, was intercepted and killed by the Mughals.

Khan Jahan Lodi died fighting barvely. The Badshahnama relates: '
"When the misfortunate [Khan Jahan Lodi] saw that the approaching army would in no way leave him alone, he dismounted from his horse and began hand-to-hand combat with Madho Singh and the group of mace-bearers and others. During the struggles Madho Singh struck him with a lance. Most of his companions were killed, and the mace-bearers cut off the heads of those wrong-headed rebels."