Saturday, February 23, 2019

Is Shalwar Kameez a Punjabi dress?

The original dress of Punjabis is dhoti (or lung as we call it). Some assert that Shalwar was introduced to Punjab by Mughals but I have very strong reasons to believe that baggy shalwar is an influence of Pashtuns on them because Mughals and Central Asians wore tight Pajamas. As baggy Shalwar is called Pathan suit in Punjab and India to this day so i believe its direct influence of Pashtuns on them. Moreover Punjabis are derogatorily referred to as lungmaar i.e dhoti-wearer by Pashtuns. The female dress of Punjabis is also not shalwar, its Ghagra.

A family scene of Punjab. A painting by a Punjabi artist Ustad Allah Bux ( 1895-1978)

I have come across trollish posts by Indians in which they are saying that Pashtuns started wearing Shalwar due to fear of Hari Singh Nalwa, that they used to wear Arabic Thawb before his arrival to Peshawar in 1835. This joke does not deserve a response but unfortunately many people take this non-sense seriously so i am debunking it here with just one reference from history. In 1808 Mountstuart Elphinstone visited kingdom of Kabul and his artists made paintings of Pashtun tribesmen. All of them are shown wearing Shalwar Kameez.

An Afghan of Daman, 1810 (c). A plate from Elphinstone's book "kingdom of caubul"

        Dooraunee Shepherd. By a Delhi artist, 1808-10. Source

Thursday, February 21, 2019

An Afridi ;by Imam Bakhsh Lahori, Illustrations des Mémoires du général Claude-Auguste Court, Lahore, 1827-1843

An Afridi ;by Imam Bakhsh Lahori, Illustrations des Mémoires du général Claude-Auguste Court, Lahore, 1827-1843

The battle of Saragarhi – The cover-up of a failure marketed as a brave sacrifice

By Nafees Ur Rehman

Looks like the movie Kesari , Kesari Trailer got it all wrong with who were the invaders and who were the defenders. Pashtuns were defending their land and INVADERS were the British-Indian army. I think it should not be that hard to understand.

Pashtuns numbering 10,000 is unsubstantiated. Please go to the 3D map in attachment and look at the mountains and its surrounding and think for yourself if there was any possibility for such a large number to gather from the scarcely populated area. Google maps

I could find at least two admissions by the British where they didn’t act to prevent attacks, or to defend the forts in the neighboring Khyber and Malakand, before and after the battle of Saragarhi, that resulted in the loss of life and territory for the British-Indian army.

At Landi Kotal, Capt. Barton was pulled out of the fort when he asked for reinforcement and some guns to defend fort of Landi Kotal. The Afridis took the fort of Landi Kotal and Ali Masid, and the whole of Khyber Pass from Landi Khana to Jamrud went into their control.

Wednesday, February 20, 2019

The marriage between Captain Robert Warburton and Shah Jahan Begum [allegedly a Durrani princess and a niece of Amir Dost Muhammad Khan]

“The First Afghan War also gave rise to the marriage between Captain Robert Warburton and the Afghan Durrani princess Shah Jehan Begum. However, this was a forced marriage engineered by Warburton.

“Captain Robert Warburton married Shah Jehan Begum and she was reputed to be one of the most beautiful women in Kabul. Authors have praised Warburton for being an honourable man. However, Shah Jehan Begum had previously been married to an Afghan by whom she had twin daughters and a boy. The Begum’s divorce from her husband was due to Warburton’s actions. During the absence of her Afghan husband Warburton, employed a bribed messenger to deliver a message to the Begum. The messenger claimed that that her husband had sent an urgent and secret letter to a certain Mullah. The Begum was requested to go to the house of the Mullah and obtain the letter in question without telling her relatives where she was going. Accompanied by her son the Begum went in her palanquin to the house and was locked in a room after being abandoned by her palanquin bearers. As she drew the curtain of her palanquin aside she found herself confronted by Warburton, who was pointing a musket at her. Warburton told the Begum that she had no option but to marry him, since her Afghan husband would assume that she had eloped with him and would divorce her. [“Hostage in Afghanistan”, Peter Collister, 1999, pp-21-22]