Wednesday, 24 April 2019

Khassadars of Waziristan

British Soldiers with Khassadars of North Waziristan, at Chitral , circa 1940 

Sunday, 21 April 2019

Allama Muhammad Iqbal Lahori and Afghanistan

Some local Pashtuns of Khost (Afghanistan) removing name of Allama Iqbal from a sign board (2017)

(Allama Iqbal was of Kashmiri descent but in Iran and Afghanistan he is popular as "Iqbal Lahori")

1- Iqbal's grave is covered by the most precious lapiz lazuli, found mostly in Afghanistan. These stones were gifted by the Government of Afghanistan. The value of these stones was equal to three hundred thousands Afghanis (currency of Afghanistan) at that time. The stone for the grave and also for the tomb-stone was sent from Afghanistan. Two stone-torches made of lapiz lazuli were also sent but were broken during the transportation. The contents inscribed on the tomb are as under :-

Wednesday, 17 April 2019

Its Luhani or Nuhani (لوحاڼي ) , not Lawani (لواڼي)

Nuhani or Luhani Pashtuns are popularly but erroneously referred to as "Lawani" in modern Pashto literature of Afghanistan and Pakistan. Abdul Hai Habibi and Abdul Shakoor Rashad (and many others who have followed them) have confused Nuhanis/Luhanis (a branch of Lodis) with Lawanis (a branch of Miyanas).

Khushal Khan Khattak calls them Luhani (لوحاني) in Swat-nama :-

In its footnotes, Abdul Hai Habibi says that Nuhani or Luhani is indianized form of Lawani (لواڼي)  or Lawan (لوڼ) :-

Thursday, 11 April 2019

Zaman Shah Durrani

Zaman Shah Durrani enthroned, his two princes attend left and right, circa 1795. A third young attendant waves a white silk fabric as symbol of royal authority.

Zaman Shah Durrani in Durbar, Lahore, surrounded by attendants, 1799. British Museum. Inscribed: 'Portrait of his highness king of king Zaman Shah Padishah Durrani, may God prolong his realm and reign. 1214'

Friday, 5 April 2019

Pata Khazana, a forgery

Manzoor Ahmad Pashteen enlightening himself by reading Pata Khazana, a forgery.

Georg Morgenstierne, a specialist of Indo-Iranian languages, and author of "An Etymological Vocabulary of Pashto", was doubtful of the authenticity of Pata Khazana. He noticed grave linguistic and historical problems in it. He shared his views about Pata Khazana in "Encyclopedia of Islam" as follow :

Muhammad Hotak, the compiler of Pata Khazana, writes, "I started to write the book on 16-Jamadi-al-Sani, 1141 H, and it was "Friday".

Qalandar Mohmand , a well known Pashtun research scholar, literary critic and Pashto poet, pointed out that on 16-Jamadi-al-Sani, 1141 H, it was "Monday" not "Friday, so the book has been created by a forgerer.

Monday, 1 April 2019

Bacha Bazi (pederasty) among Pashtuns – a few historical references

Major Lumsden who was sent to Kandahar in 1858, writes that sodomy (i.e pederasty اِغلام بازی ) which was "universally and openly practiced crime", may be styled as an Afghan vice. He noted that it occurred despite the Afghans' eternal boast that they lead religious and orthodox life and that prostitution is absent from their areas.

Saturday, 30 March 2019

Multani Afghans

When Kandahar was in the possession of Mughal emperor Shahjahan for the short period from 1638 to 1649, he had created a party of Afghans, mainly Abdalis, as his supporters. In 1649, Kandahar was recaptured by Safavid emperor Shah Abbas II, and these Afghan supporters of Shahjahan left their country and accompanied the Mughal Prince Aurangzeb, who had been deputed by his father to recover Kandahar. Aurangzeb, when ascended the throne at Delhi, settled these Abdalis at Multan. Later, many more of their tribe also joined them. They became known as Multani Afghans. One of these Abdalis was Jalal Khan saddozai (maternal uncle of Zaman Khan, the father of Ahmad Shah Abdali), son of Aidal Khan, son of Zafran Khan, son of Malik Saddu. In 1738 the Viceroy of Lahore and Multan, appointed Nawab Zahid Khan Saddozai as nai'b Nazim of Multan. From this time the governorship of Multan remained with these Afghan colonists untill it was captured by Ranjit Singh.