Friday, March 28, 2014

The architectural achievements of Lodhi Dynasty



Lodhi Sultans carried further the tradition of mixture of Tughlaq and Turkish Style of Architecture. In their buildings arches and beams both are used and also the balconies, caves and mandaps in the Rajasthani and Gujarati styles. Lodhi Sultans used a new style as well, e.g., construction of tombs on a raised platform so that they can appear to be lofty and huge.

The foundation of the buildings was laid so deep that many of these buildings are existing even today. Some other characteristics of the buildings of this period were uniformity of the buildings, vast chambers, high domes, arched doors etc. During this period some tombs were constructed within the parks e.g.

Tomb of Sikander Lodhi:

The Tomb of Sikander Lodhi was constructed within the Lodhi Gardens. Some tombs of this period were octagonal. Some of these characteristics were adopted later on by the Mughals also. In this period the outer layer of the domes were decorated with coloured covering.

The tomb of Sikander Lodhi is the best building of this period built in 1517 A.D. by Ibrahim Lodhi. The tomb is situated in a big surrounding wall and its dome is surrounded by an umbrella with eight pillars.

Mosques:

Among the mosques of the Lodhi period, the mosque built by the wazir of Sikander Lodhi called 'Moti ki Masjid' was the best. In other words we can say that 'Moti ki Masjid' is considered to be the finest specimen of the architecture of the Lodhis. (iii) Tombs of the Nobles:

The tombs of the nobles are not without much dignity and strength and the most important among them are the tombs of Bare Khan and Chhote Khan, the Bara Gumbad, the Shish Gumbad, the tomb of Shihab-ud-Din, Taj Khan, Dadi ka Gumbad and Poti ka Gumbad.