Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Savanur State of Miyana Pashtuns


The nawabs of Savanur ruled in North Karnataka as heirs to the Adil shahs of Bijapur from 1672 to 1948. They originally hailed from Afghanistan. They were Pashtuns belonging to the Miyana tribe, and were living in the villages of Jawarasa and Bhawarasa near in Kabul.Their chief malik awtan khan migrated to india along with Timur.His descendent doda khan recievd the title of Nawab from sher shah suri and was appointed diwan in his service
The Nawabs of Savanur By Krishnaji Nageshrao Chitnis
Abdul Karim Khan, in the service of the Mughal Empire, was granted the jagir of Sarkar Bankapur near Delhi in 1672. His successors ruled over extensive territories almost independently for over a century. However, Savanur was located between the increasing power of the Marathas and the equally powerful Nizam of Hyderabad, Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan, which gradually eroded away Savanur’s territory. By the second half of the eighteenth century, more than half of Savanur had been ceded to the Marathas. By the end of the century, Tipu Sultan had annexed the remainder.