Thursday, 23 October 2014

Pashtun tribesmen of Kashmir War of 1948



 Its hard to come by information on the Pashtun tribesmen who participated in Kashmir war of 1948, so far i am able to find following material from web and books.


Tribal irregulars from the North West Frontier bound for Kashmir, 1947.

From an album, collated and annotated by Lt Frank Leeson, relates to his service during 1946-1947 with the North Waziristan Khassadars, a force of tribal police engaged in protecting communications and military outposts in the Tribal Territory.. [Source: National Army Museum, London]


1- In this report published in BBC, Hussain Gul, then a soldier of Paramilitary Kurram Militia, shares his experiences of that war :-
"Hussain Gul, a resident of Shalozan village in the Kurram tribal region who was then a soldier of the paramilitary Kurram Militia, was part of that force.
"We were there to attack and recapture [the 2,800-metre] Pandu ridge which the Indians had occupied during autumn," he says.
"It was a good victory. We were able to occupy a considerable part of Kashmir but we still lost most of it. It made one feel sad, like when you lose a part of your house," 
His father, who went in with a band of friends to fight during the previous season, "came back defeated".
"They brought back war booty though; gold and some women," he chuckles. 
In his mid-90s now, and with a fading memory, he is not sure what happened to the women. As for gold, "they were cheated out of it by Majoor", an ethnic Hazara businessman in Parachinar, the central town of Kurram.

The picture on Mr Gul's Kurram Militia ID


2- Risaldar Major Ghulam Rasul Niazi of 15th Lancers of British-Indian army participated in Kashmir war of 1948 and earned the title of Ghazi-i-Kashmir. ["History of the Pathans", Vol-III, p-383]

Risaldar Major Ghulam Rasul Niazi of 15th Lancers, a participant of Kashmir War 1948


A Brigadier of Pakistan army distributing arms to tribal fighters during the Kashmir conflict of 1948. Source


Late Senator Malik Gulab Khan Mahsud (Sub tribe Ishangi) was cheif of Behlolzai tribe. He partcipated in Kashmir war of 1948 and received Hilal-i-Kashmir and Tamgha-i-Kashmir for his role in that war. Source


Peshawar: Armed Mohmand tribesmen waiting on road between Peshawar and Rawalpindi for their leader Bacha Gul [son of Haji Sahib Turangzai] to arrive with trucks and extra ammo, to lead them into battle in Kashmir, December 1947. Photograph by Margaret Bourke-White [Life Magazine]


Closeup of armed Mohmand tribesman waiting on road between Peshawar & Rawalpindi for their leader Bacha Gul [son of Haji Sahib Turangzai] to arrive with trucks and extra ammo, to lead them into battle in Kashmir, December 1947. Photograph by Margaret Bourke-White [Life Magazine]


Closeup of two armed Mohmand tribesmen waiting on road between Peshawar & Rawalpindi for their leader Bacha Gul [son of Haji Sahib Turangzai] to arrive with trucks and extra ammo, to lead them into battle in Kashmir, December 1947. Photo by Margaret Bourke-White [Life Magazine]



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