Sunday, October 26, 2014

Babis of Radhanpur

Radhanpur since the reign of Humayun, have always been prominent in the annals of
Gujarat, is said to have once belonged to the Vaghelas, and to have been called Liinavada, after Vaghela Lunaji of the Sardhara branch of that tribe. Subsequently it was held as a fief under the Sultans of Gujarat by Fateh Khan Ealoch, and is said to have been named Radhanpur after Radhan Khan of that family.

The first Babi entered Hindustan in the company of Humayun. Bahadur Khan Babi was appointed faujddr of Tharad in the reign of Shah Jahan ; and his son Sher Khan Babi, on account of his local knowledge, was sent to aid prince Murad Bakhsh in the government
of Gujarat. In 1693 his son Jafar Khan, by his ability and local influence, obtained the faujddri of Radhanpur, Sami, Munjpur, and Tervada, with the title of Safdar Khan. In 1704 he was made governor of Bijapur (in Gujarat), and in 1706 of Patan. His son
Khan Jahan, also styled KhanjT Khan, received the title of Jawan Mard Khan, and was appointed governor of Radhanpur, Patan, Vadnagar, Visalnagar, Bijapur, Kheralu, &c. His son, again, Kamal-ud-din Khan, usurped the governorship of Ahmadabad after the death
of Aurangzeb, during the incursions of the Marathas and the sub-sequent collapse of the imperial power. During his rule a branch of the family was able to establish itself at Junagarh and Balasinor.
The founder of the Junagarh house, who was also the first Babi of Balasinor, was Muhammad Bahadur, otherwise known as Sher Khan. In 1753 Raghunath Rao Peshwa and Damaji Gaikwar suddenly appeared before Ahmadabad ; and Kamal-ud-din Khan, after a bril-
liant defence, was forced to surrender the city, but was confirmed as jagirddr of Radhanpur, Sami, Munjpur, Patan, Visalnagar, Vadnagar,Bijapur, Tharad, and Kheralu. It was agreed at the same time that the Marathas should give Kamal-ud-din Khan the sum of one lakh, besides presenting him with an elephant and other articles of value. Damaji Gaikwar, however, wrested from his successors all their dominions, excepting Radhanpur, Sami, and Munjpur.
In 1813 Radhanpur, through Captain Carnac, then Resident at Baroda, concluded an engagement with the Gaikwar, whereby the latter, under the advice of the British authorities, was empowered to control the external relations of Radhanpur, and assist in defending it from foreign invasion. In 1819, on aid being sought of the British
Government by Radhanpur against the Khosas, a predatory tribe from Sind, Colonel Barclay marched against them and expelled them from Gujarat. In 1820 Major Miles negotiated an agreement with the Nawab of Radhanpur. Under the terms of this agreement the Nawab
bound himself not to harbour robbers, or enemies of the British Government ; to accompany the British troops with all his forces ; and to pay a tribute in proportion to his means. The Nawab was entitled to a salute of 1 1 guns.

Source:
Imperial gazetteer of India .. (Volume 21)