Saturday, November 29, 2014

Brief history of Afghans in India from 1440 A.D to 1707 A.D

In 1440 A.D when Delhi was threatened by Mahmud Khilji of Malwa, the feeble Sayyid Sultan of Delhi appealed to Bahlol Lodhi who agreed to help him on condition that Husam Khan, the prime minister was to be replaced by his nominee Hamid Khan. The Sultan acted accordingly , without taking into account the implications and Husam Khan was killed. Bahlol Lodhi took the field with his contienegnt of 8,000 Afghan and Mughal militia and 20,000 of the royal army against Mahmud, who after a day's desultory fighting, sued for peace, and retreated to deal with a serious riot in his own capital, Mandu and an invasion by Sultan Ahmad of Gujrat. This retreating Malwa army was waylaid by Bahlul.

Delhi was saved from annexation to Malwa, and Bahlol was awarded with the title of Khan-i-Khanan, and confirmed in his jagir at Sirhind, with Lahore and Dipalpur added to his fief. He then rebelled against Muhammad Shah and annexed Sunam, Hisar Feruza and other districts of Punjab. Twice he made unsuccessful attempts to capture Delhi, once during the time of Muhammad shah and again during that of his son, Sultan Alaudin 'Alam Shah'. Circamstances were in his favour. Alaudin Alam Shah was a weak ruler. His authority hardly extended beyond twenty miles from Delhi. The ill-advised Sultan planned to kill his prime minister Hamid Khan, who escaped from Bada'un, occupied the palace of Delhi and invited bahlul to take over. The latter came but cleverly declined the offer as the time was not ripe. Subsequently seizing an opportunity, he had Hamid khan arrested by Kutb Khan Lodhi. He offered the throne to Alaudin Alam , who however abdicated in favour of Bahlul, preferring himself to live a life of ease and seclusion at bada'un. Bahlul, there upon, ascended the throne of Delhi with the title of Abu-Muzaffar Bahlul Shah on 19th April 1451.