Wednesday, November 12, 2014

Mashwani tribe

A Pashtun tribe allied to Kakars being descended from a Sayyid, Mashwani, one of the four sons of Muhammad-i-Gisu-Daraz or Muhammad of the long locks, by a Kakar woman. She was daughter or granddaughter of Kakar and her husband was adopted by Danai, Kakar's father. Other Sayyids however do not intermarry with the Mashwani. They are found in hazara, few of them crossed the indus with utmanzai, to whom they were attached as retainers, an they now occupy the eastern end of Gandhgarh range, about Srikot. They are sturdy, industrious , well-behaved and more honest and truthful than most of the tribes in Hazara,and Abbot described them as ,"one of the bravest races in the world". (Glossary Of The Tribes And Castes Of The Punjab And North-west Frontier By H.A. Rose page 122)

Defeat of Hari Singh Nalwa at the battle of Nara
In October 1824, Hari Singh, with 8,000 men advanced towards Srikott, but was defeated by Saidkhanis and Mishwanis at Nara situated at the mouth of the pass leading to SriKot. He lost about 500 men and himself barely escaped with his life. (Gazett[e]er of the Hazara District, 1883-4 - Page 26)

In 1820, Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa, Governor of Kashmir, was put in charge of Hazara. His administration was not successful, for he was constantly embroiled with the Swatis, the Tarins, Saidkhanis, Mishwanis and other clans. He suffered such a serious defeat at Nara in 1824 that the Maharaja himself was obliged to hasten to his assistance. Sardar's hand was raised against every one. He refused to distinguish between professed friends and proclaimed foes. (Chiefs and families of note in the Delhi, Jalandhar, Peshawar and Derajat divisions of the Panjab page 426)

Hari Singh evicted the Mashwanis from Sirikot hills to trans-Indus territory. However, they managed to return by 1830.

According to Gazetteer of The Hazara District 1907,