Thursday, February 19, 2015

Prangi tribe پړنګی

Ibrahim alias Lodhi had three sons, Siarnaey, Niazaey and Dotanaey. Prangaey , the Siarnaey's eldest son, is progenitor of the Prangi tribe that consists of a number of tribes , Malik Shahu and his great grandson Sultan Bahlol, the first Pashtun sovereign of Delhi, descended. Prangis were initially located in western Afghnaistan. Later they, along with their Suri and Sarwani kinsmen, moved to the eastern outskirts of Koh-i-Sulieman during the times of Shahabudin Ghori. Prangis settled in Tank/Daman while Suris were holding Rori.The Sarwani settled south of the Luni in Draban and Chandhwan

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The Prangis (Lodhis) lived a settled life in Tank, the fertile soil made them prosperous. Daulat Khels used to come , though occasionally , to pass the winters in plains. Disputes would arise between them and the Prangis as a result of damage done to the Prangi's cultivated lands by the flocks and herds of the nomad Daulat Khels. This created bad blood between two tribes. When emperor Babur deposed the Lodhis in Hind, the Prangis, the Lodhi's kinsmen , gradually lost their importance around Tank. Shehbaz Khan Kati Khel decided to get rid of them once and for all. According to "Hayat-e-Afghani" (p-287 and 293-4), during emperor Babur's period, he got togather the Lohani clans, namely, the Daulat Khels, Taturs, Miya Khel while the Marwats and other Powindah clans that had also suffered at the hands of the Prangis, readily joined his lashkar. After several battles, Shehbaz Khan succeeded in utterly defeating the Prangis. The latter were massacred in great numbers and the survivors were reduced to utter helplessness. The Lohanis drove out the Prangis from Tank tract. Sher Muhammad Mohamnd, writes that in 1556 AD, the oust Prangis were ousted from the area by Shehbaz Khan Kati Khel (p-14). Munshi Charanjeet Lal writes that the Daulat Khels ousted the Prangis before emperor Akbar's period.(Tawarikh-e-Dera Ismael Khan pp-201-2). Sher Muhammad Khan Gandapur , on p-616 states that Jabal Khan Gandapur supported Shehbaz Khan against the Prangis. Jabal Khan Gandapur was contemporary of Emperor Babur.

In the late 14th century, Lodhi tribes were militarily strong enough to catch the attention of Amir Taimoor. The latter, in 1398 AD, invaded India. He asked the local tribes to join his force. The contribution of Prangi and other Lodhi tribes in reduction of India was of material importance. Lodhis took maximum advantage of the chaotic situation that prevailed in the wake of Amir Taimoor's invasion of India. Taking advantage of favorable circumstances, Prangis established themselves in Hind and became the first Pashtun sovereigns of Delhi.

Prangis are now almost extinct in Afghanistan, but some of them are still found in different parts of India, especially in Deccan, Ropar and Lodhiana, where they are known as Lodhi Afghans. Bahlol Lodhi was eighth in lineal descent from Prangaey and belonged to the Shahu Khel clan of Lodhis.

Subtribes

1. Zaitun Khel
2. Arand
3. Raidi
4. Umar Khel
5. Ishaq
6.  Shahu Khel
7. Yusuf Khel
8. Yaseen Khel
9.  Ahmad Khel
10. Mahmud Khel
11. Marchi Khel
12. Tatar Khel
13. Daulat Khel
14. Rustam Khel
15. Shamuzai
16. Ishaqzai
17. Shiekhzai
18. Hasanzai
19. Pyara Khel
20. Umarzai
21. Majeed khel
22. Gadli Khel
23. Mahmudzai
24. Zakriya Khel
25. Alf Khel

Sources:

 History of the Pathans: The Ghurghushti, Beitani and Matti tribes of Pathans byHaroon Rashid

Panjab Castes, Being a Reprint of the Chapter on "The Races, Castes, and Tribes of the People" in the Report on the Census of the Panjab

 Afghanistan and Its Inhabitants by Muḥammad Ḥayāt Khān

A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West ..., Volume 3