Monday, February 15, 2016

Afghan Nuhani (Lohani) dynasty of Jalore (Rajputana) and Palanpur (Gujarat)

During the reign of Tughlaq Sultans, Malik Ghazni Khan Lohani son of Salim Khan, from Aba Khel branch of Miya Khel Lohanis, migrated from Bihar to Marwar (Rajputana) , along with his family and a band of his tribe. One of his descendant, Malik Khurram Khan moved to Jalore and conquered it from Rajputs after death of its ruler Bisaldev Chauhan in 1392 A.D and founded an independent state of Jalore under Afghan rule. After some time, Malik Khurram Khan Nuhani, obtained the royal sanad and robe from Sultan of Delhi, Mahmud Shah Tughlaq, through recommendation of subedar of Gujarat. In 1395 A.D, Malik Khurram Khan got killed in a battle with Solanki Rajputs of Sirohi.

Malik Khurram Khan was succeeded by Malik Yusuf Khan. He ruled Jalore for 24 years, and died in 1419 A.D, he was contemporary of Sultan Muzaffar Shah I and Sultan Ahmad of Gujarat. He was succeeded by his son Malik Hasan Khan, who conquered Nadoli, Shivemana, Barmir and Surachand. 

Malik Usman Khan served as Governor of Lahore and received the title of Zubdat ul-Mulk as a hereditary distinction. Malik Ghazni Khan II married the foster sister of Emperor Akbar, receiving Palanpur, Deesa and Dantiwada in dowry. He also received the hereditary title of Diwan in 1551, granted for his services in command of the force that took Attock from the Afghans. His descendants held the Vice-Regency of Jhalor, Sachor, Palanpur and Deesa, during the reign of Emperor Aurangzeb.

The Lohanis lost Jhalor to Dalpat Singhji Rathor during the early seventeenth century, victims of the alliance between Emperor Jehangir and the Rajputs. Diwan Pahar Khan I was forced to withdraw to the Aravali foothills in Gujarat. Pahar's successor, Diwan Firuz alias Kamal Khan, was reconciled to the Imperial authorities after Emperor Shah Jahan acknowledged his services in bringing in the outlaw, Kanji Koli.

After half a century of independence, the state came under increasing harassment by the Marathas. Like their neighbours, they were subject to the usual arbitrary "indemnities" and "taxes" that amounted to little more than extortion. The Lohani's therefore became keen allies of the British and concluded a treaty of alliance and protection with the EIC in 1817.