Wednesday, February 24, 2016

Jamrud Fort near the Khyber (1879-1880)

This photograph of Jamrūd Fort is from an album of rare historical photographs depicting people and places associated with the Second Anglo-Afghan War. The three tribesmen in the foreground of the picture wear loose tunics, longi (turbans), and dōpâta (shawls) and carry jezails (long heavy muskets). The fort is located at the eastern entrance to the Khyber Pass (in present-day Pakistan), the strategically important pass through the Hindu Kush mountain range along the historic Silk Road that in the 19th century linked British India and Afghanistan. It was the site of a major battle between the Sikh and Durrani Empires in 1836–37. Even though the fort appears to be in disrepair, it was an important staging point for any advance through the pass and became the headquarters of the Khyber Rifles Regiment, an auxiliary force of the British Indian Army.

Source: Library of Congress