Monday, April 4, 2016

Kasi tribe

The Kasis ( also called Kansi)  are the sole remaining descendants of Kharshabun son of Saraban, in Balochistan. They are a small tribe but have attained an importance out of all proportion to their small number or qualities because of their possession of the land around Quetta.  Kasi had twelve sons yet this tribe is almost extinct, except for the Shinwaris who have detached themselves from the main tribe and founded settlements in and around Landi Kotal and are known by their own name. The progeny of other sons of Kasi are grouped under the general name of Kasi. Raverty mentions Zarnriarnaey and Kithrans (The Kasi Khithrans should not be confused with those of Miyana Khethrans) whom he places around the shrine of Pir Hussain in Kalat-i-Ghilzai and the Kithrans south of Kaha Pass in Dhadar in Balochistan. Besides, there are Kasi settlements in Quetta. A large number of Kasi families are settled in India, particularity in Deccan. The Kasi clans , which are presently identifiable , are namely, Achozai, Ahmad Khanzai, Akazai, Badazai, Mirzai and Samunuli.

It is said that the Kasi clans migrated from their home around the Takht-i-Sulieman about eight hundred years ago  and made their first settlement at Samli near Kuchlak area of Quetta. Its site is still traceable as a mound. From here they spread to other parts of Quetta. Being a small tribe, initially it suffered at the hands of Kakars in the north, and Brahuis and Pannis in the south. However, it managed to survive without losing its identity , rather its Ahmad Khanzai clan absorbed the Kotwal and Katir factions of Kakar and Musa origin respectively. (Quetta-Pishin Gazetteer 1907, p-73)

In the census of 1901, Kasis were returned as 1015 male and 900 females in Balochistan.

Tatar Khan Kasi 

He was one of the principle nobles of Islam Shah times, and was the governor of Rohtas fort during his reign. After death of Islam Shah, Tatar Khan supported the claim of Sikander Shah Suri (Ahmad Khan) on Delhi throne. (The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians, Vol-5, p-237)

Haji Habibullah Kasi

Haji Habibullah Kasi was employed by Akbar in conducting negotiations with his brother Mirza Muhammad Hakim and was also sent to Goa on a commercial mission in 986 H. (Studies in Indo-Muslim history, S.H.Hodivala, Vol-I, p-474)

Mustafa Khan Kasi

Mustafa Khan Kasi was a mansbadar in the Mughal empire from Kansi tribe, had the rank of 1500 zat and 900 sawars, during the reign of Aurangzeb. According to Mughal historian Khafi Khan, “Mustafa Khan Kasi was the most renowned personality , well known for his merits , virtues, courage and correct opinions and decisions”. He was the closest associate and comrade of Prince Muhammad Azam. He impressed the prince so much with administrative genius that soon the entire administration of his jagirs passed into the hands of Mustafa Khan. He was held responsible for every thing and answerable for any matter relating to the prince. His growing influence over the royal family was actually disliked by Aurangzeb. Consequently he advised the prince to free himself from the clutches of the Mustafa Khan, but in vain. Mustafa Khan Kasi continued to enjoy the power and influence . Being fed up with his growing influence, Emperor ordered him to go to Mecca, thus he became a victim of court politics. When Mustafa Khan returned from Mecca , he failed to attain the previous influence and power as Aurangzeb didn’t allow it. Prince pleaded for his favorite many a time, but Emperor paid no heed to his requests. (Afghan nobility and the Mughals, page- 178)