Monday, May 23, 2016

Yousafzais of Ghoriwala in Bannu

Hasan Khan Yousafzai, the progenitor of the Mughal Khels of Ghoriwala (Bannu) was an adventurer from Yusufzai country, who settled in Bannu early in the 18th century. His son Urmar Khan removed to Ghoriwal, and by degrees worked himself into position of a chief, his followers being mostly Jat and Awan "Hindkais." Fourth in descent from him was Mughal Khan, who has given his name to his small but powerful clan. He was a great man, had six wives and many sons, and greatly extended the limits of his tappa. His grandson Jafar rose to power by first subjecting all his relations to his will, and then the neighbouring tappa of Ismail Khel, over which Allahdad, a distant cousin of his, became chief. On the outbreak of the second Sikh war, Allahdad and Jafar took opposite sides, the former against the British, the latter for British. Jafar Khan raised two hundred men for British for service in Bannu, and sent his eldest son, Sardad, at the head of twenty-eight sawars to assist at the siege of Multan. For these and other services, Jafar Khan was rewarded the perpetual jagir assignment of one-eighth the revenues of both the Ghoriwala and Ismail Khel tappas, and on is paying a balance of revenue due from the latter was made its malik as well. He also received a grant of land in Nar assessed at Rs. 940 in 1884. He died in 1859, and was seceded by his eldest son Sardad Khan, who drew Rs. 2,523 as his jagir grant and Rs. 1,063 in 1884 as head of the two tappas above named. He was made a police zaildar in 1863, and deprived of the office owing to incapacity in December, 1871. (Bannu Gazetteer, 1884, p-138)

 (A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West ..., Volume 3, p-243)