Tuesday, August 9, 2016

Raisani tribe

The Raisani Afghans, from Tarin tribe, came from Kandahar  via Pishin and occupied the Thal-Chotiali area. Rais Khan Tarin, with a  band of his clan, occupied Kalat which along with Mastung and adjoining area was  then occupied by the other Afghan tribes and there was no trace of the  Brahuis or Balochs in the area. [1]

Siwa, a Hindu raja and the first ruler of Kalat, is mentioned in the  pages of history. After him, Kalat changed hands to the Mughals/Mongols,  Mirwanis and Baloch Rinds successively. In the battle between the  Mirwanis and Rind Balochs, Umar Khan Mirwani, the chief got killed. His  widow, with her minor son, named Bajaru Khan took refuge in Mastung with  the Afghans. Subsequently Bajaru Khan married the daughter of a local  Afghan notable. With the help of the Raisanis, Bajaru Khan defeated and  killed Mandu Baloch and occupied Kalat. Bajaru Khan granted some land to  the Siahi clan of Raisanis, which is still held by them. With the  passage of time the Siahis merged with the Mengal Balochs and gradually  lost their identity as Tarin Afghans and moved over to Jhalawan. Later,  Mir Bajaru abandoned Kalat and became a recluse. The Mughals, who were  waiting in the wings, occupied Kalat; however, the Raisanis along with  the neighboring Brahui clans, drove away the Mughals, and Mir Hasan  Khan Ahmadzai Qambrani Brahui was proclaimed as the ruler of Kalat. The  Brahuis from all over Balochistan concentrated in and around Kalat and  established a powerful Khanate in the area.




During the rule of Mir Nasir Khan of Kalat, the southern portion of Khanate was named Sarawan and Sardar Abdul Nabi Khan Raisani was appointed as Khan of the area. He provided an Afghan contingent under his uncle Karim Khan to Ahmad Shah Abdali for invasion of India. He also accompanied the forces to India and gallantly fought in battles and earned the appreciation of King.

Note: Although Raisanis have Afghan roots, they have been  Brahui-ized with time and are indistinguishable from other Brahuis.


References

1-  Rai Hatu Ram, Tarikh-i-Balochistan, p-172.

2-  History of the Pathans by Haroon Rashid, p-114