Saturday, 5 November 2016

Farmuli tribe

According to genealogical tree of the Pashtun nation, Farmuli (or Parmuli) was one of the twenty-four sons of Kakar, son of Danaey [1]. Ravery is of opinion that Farmuli was probably an adopted son of Kakar [2]. The Farmulis treated themselves as sub-division of Ghurghashti but some objection was raised to the Farmulis being considered Pashtuns in the reigns of Sikandar Lodi and Sher Shah. Naimatullah says, "They (Farmulis) are inhabitants of a place called Farmul, which is originally the name of a river running between the confines of river Kabul and Ghaznin ; and whoever lives on its banks is called Farmuli . The ancestors of the Farmulis were guided to Islam by Shaikh Muhammad Musalman , a great saint among the Afghans ; and having passed some time in the service of this saint, they style themselves Afghans. They however confess,  that their forefathers came from the quarters of Khata and Khotan , and that inhabitants of those regions acknowledged them to be Afghans" [3]

Emperor Babur speaks repeatedly of 'Farmul' in his description of Kabul. He explicitly states that the "Shaikhzadas, the descendants of Shaikh Muhammad Musalman, who were so much in favour during the Afghan period in Hindustan , came originally from Farmul. He tells us that Farmul was one of the 14 divisions of Kabul. It lies south-east of Ghazni.

Sir Clements Markhan tells us that the " valley of Farmul is at the back of Khost , which is watered by the Tochi in its upper course" and that the "Tajiks who now inhabit it have one village called Urghun". (Proceedings of Royal Geographical society, 1879, pp-47-48)

Muhammad Hayat Khan in 1868 says,  " Most of the Farmulis are cultivators or merchants , but those settled in Argun make vessels of iron and take them through out western Afghanistan for sale. With the Kharoti (Ghilzais), in whose midst they live, they have a most bitter enmity" (("Afghanistan and its inhabitants", translated from Hayat-i-Afghani, p-302))

Waqiat-i-Mushtaqi also throws some light on the origin of Farmulis when it refers to Said Khan Lodi's (Yusuf Khel) remarks against Masnad-i-ali Mian Hussain Farmuli that Said Khan said to Rana Sanga about the Masnad-i-ali;
"They are the Shaikhzadas like the Brahmans among you. We have raised them. We are the brethren of the king. According to the customs of the Afghans, sovereignty will either rest with the Shahu Khel or the Yusuf Khel. The rest are the servants"

The Farmuli nobles were held in high esteem and confidence by the Lodi Sultans. Mian Muhammad Farmuli, the famous muqta of Awadh and Bahraich, was Sultan Bahlul's sister's son (nephew). During the Sultan Ibrahim's reign Mian Mustafa Farmuli and his younger brother, Bayazid Farmuli, rendered important services to the Sultan by fighting against the rebel amirs.

According to Waqiat-i-Mushtaqi, "half of the kingdom (under Sikander Lodi) was held by the Farmulis. They (Farmulis) and the Nuhanis were dominant"

List of high-ranking Farmuli nobles in the service of Sultan Ibrahim Lodi 

1-  Shaikhzada Muhammad Farmuli   (commander of 30,000 to 40,000 cavalry, governor of Awadh and Lakhnau)

2- Miyan Hussain Farmuli  (previously governor of Saran and Champaran)

3- Miyan Maruf Farmuli 

4- Miyan Taha Farmuli   ( a captain of war, brother of Miyan Maruf )

5- Miyan Muhammad known as Kalapahar Farmuli  (governor of Bahraich)

6- Miyan Sulieman Farmuli  (commander of 5,000 cavalry, governor/muqta of Indri)

7- Shaikhzada Mahmud Farmuli  (a captain of war)

8- Masnad-i-ali Bhikan Khan Farmuli  (a captain of war)

9- Khan-i-Khanan Farmuli (a captain of war)

10- Shaikhzada Manjhu Farmuli  (governor of Chanderi)

11- Shaikh Said Farmuli (muqta of Harianah and Daisuya)

12- Shaikh Bayazid Farmuli


1- "History of Afghans", B.Dorn, Vol-II, p-53
2- "Notes on Afghanistan", H.G.Raverty, p-85
3- "History of Afghans", B.Dorn, II, p-57

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