Monday, December 5, 2016

Swati tribe

The Swati tribe have no connection with the Yousafzai Pashtuns, who now occupy the Swat valley. Khulasat ul-Ansab of Hafiz Rahmat Khan (1708–1774) gives the following description of Swatis;
 "Although the Swatis are not originally Afghans , but, having adopted both the Afghan language and habits, and being mixed up with them , they go by the name of Afghans, and are numbered among them. They are related to have originally resided in the territories of Swat and Bajaur ; but at the time when the Yousafzais obtained a decided predominance , and reduced the whole of Takht Uljabal to their sway, they emigrated to Swat. They (Yousafzais) engaged in frequent wars with the inhabitants of Swat ; and eventually succeeded in expelling them entirely from thence, and in forcing them to settle there, occupying Swat for themselves. The Swatis emigrated to the kingdom of Pakhli , which lies between the dominion of the Yousafzais and Kashmir , where they reside up to the present day. They are broken into three divisions : 1. Gebari ; 2. Mutaravi ; 3. Mumiali. The Gebaris are so named , because Gebari is the name of a place in Bajaur , where they had been settled. The Mutaravis reckon themselves to be descended from the Yousafzais; and contend, that their ancestors had been separated from the Yousafzais by some circumstance at the time when the Yousafzais lived in the environs of Kandahar , in the kingdom of Garra and Voshki (Noshki?) , when they took up their abode in Swat ; but this assertion is unfounded. The Mumiali, who are considered as one khail, originally are composed of different khails of Derrani and others" [B.Dorn's translation]

Abu Fazal (1551–1602) writes :-
"In this land (Swat and Bajaur) there was a tribe that had the title of 'Sultani' and claimed to be descended from a daughter of Sultan Sikander. The Yousafzai for some time zealously served them and then became ungrateful and took possession of the choice lands. Up to present day some of the former inhabitants spend their days in distress in the defiles and from love of their native land are unable to leave."