Sunday, August 13, 2017

Administration and achievements of Sikandar Lodi




Gaz-i-Sikandari

The standard official unit of land measurement which Akbar administration inherited from its predecessors was the Gaz-i-Sikandari. According to Ain-i-Akbari, the Gaz-i-Sikandri was first instituted by Sikander Lodi, who made it equal to (the diameters of) 41 1/2 of his Sikandari pieces. The gaz continued in use under Sher Shah and Islam Shah , who, bringing the whole of Hindustan under zabt, are said to have measured with this same gaz. During Akbar's reign it remained the official standard till the 33rd year (1589) , when it was finally superseded by the Gaz-i-Ilahi. ("The agrarian system of Mughal India", Irfan Habib, p-353)