Monday, January 15, 2018


Bannu is mentioned in the events of year 1398 AD, when Amir Timur invaded India , at which time he came through Kurma'h into Bannu [1]. In Timur's biography "Zafar-namah", name of the place is written as Bano with long a (بانو) . Timur left a body of his troops in Bannu to deal with turbulence caused by Awghans (i.e Afghans) and crossed the Indus to enter India. Traditional oral history of Bannuchis also verify the fact that they originally named the place Bano (بانو) . According to Pashtun tradition, Bano (بانو) was the wife of Shitak, whence his descendants are called Bannuzais or Bannuchis. She had two sons, Kiwi and Surani. Bannuchis dug drains and sowed corn after occupying these lands, and said, "Let us call this place Bano, after our mother , for its fruitful , even as she was". With time Bano changed to Bannu (بنو).

Notes and References:

1- A 9th century Arabic source Futuh-al-Buldan mentions a place by name of in  Bannah (بنة) located  between Multan and Kabul. Bannah could be Bannu of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
1- Sharaf ad-Din Ali Yazdi, "Zafarnama", Vol-II (English translation)
2- S.S.Thorburn, "Bannu or our Afghan frontier"
3- Habibullah tegay, "Pakhtana"

 1930: Bannu Bazaar , Northwest Frontier India

Aerial photo of Bannu , Northwest Frontier (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) , 1930. Taken by RAF

Razmak to Bannu mail truck with armed tribesmen (khasadars) on top, 1940

A train arrives at Bannu railway station as troops wait on horses in an undated photograph likely taken circa 1920.
Bannu – D.I.Khan road, c.1900
Mahsud laborers at Work in Bannu Cantonment, 1909. Photograph taken from book "Among the wild tribes of the Afghan frontier" by Theodore Leighton Pennell

Bannu Railway Station in 1913

Cavalryman from Bannu, c.1830. The portrait an album of paintings held in the British Library.

The football team from Bannu, 1905