Wednesday, 23 January 2019

Dawar tribe


Dawars are said to be descendants of Shitak. The original home of the Dawars appears to have been in Shawal, from whence they, in company with the Bannuchis, were driven to their present holdings by the Wazirs in the fourteenth century. These comprise the open valleys called Upper and Lower Dawar, which are surrounded on all sides by the Darwesh Khel , who also divide Upper from Lower Dawar, the Mohmit Khel of that tribe having villages in the Tagrai Tantri.[1]

It is not known whether any or what tribe previously held the Tochi valley, nor in what relation the Dawar themselves stood to the Delhi empire before the time of Aurangzeb. Prince Bahadur Shah (son of Aurangzeb), on his conquest of Bannu (1696 A.D) made Said Hussain governor of Dawar and imposed upon the tribe an annual tribute of Rs.12,000. For a time the new governor maintained himself with some difficulty, but when the Mughal administration fell into disorder, the Dawar shook off the imperial yoke.


In 1837 Agha Abbas of Sheraz passed through Dawar region and recorded the following information about them :-
There is a peculiar tribe in the hills of Dawar, that shave one eye-brow,  one mustache, and half the beard; and apply antimony with the finger above and below the eye, so as perfectly to disfigure their faces. The men of Dawar assemble once a week, at an entertainment got up by subscription: everyone attended by his catamite boy, and during the repast, the most disgusting attentions are paid to them, and most revolting caresses received from them. To the east are the Hasan Khels, to the west the Utmanzais, to the north Khost, and to the south the Waziris. The people of Dawar are perfectly independent. [2]





References:

1-Pathans: Compiled Under the Order of the Government of India at the Recruiting Office, Peshawar
2- Journey of travel through parts of Affghanistan

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